Rooftop Garden: A Complete Guide
In recent years, the population of the world has increased very rapidly. It leads to limited space in the urban regions. Various houses have no outside space as yards. Many people compromise with their gardening hobby due to lack of area. However, you can utilize your rooftop area for practicing gardening. Furthermore, it makes your home more livable and unique. You need to take care of various things for practicing this type of gardening. In this article, we describe the complete guide regarding the rooftop garden. Hence, you must read this post until the end.
Benefits Of Building Rooftop Garden
There are numerous benefits of using the rooftop for gardening. It includes:
- Reduce stormwater runoff
- Create habitat for birds, butterflies, and bees
- Reduce your air-conditioning costs
- Provide outdoor space for you to enjoy
- Beautify the built environment
- Reduce your heating costs
- Allow you to grow food
- Improve air quality
- Earn LEED credits
On living roofs, the most commonly used plants are Sedums and other low-growing succulents. It is because they need less water. Furthermore, they require a tiny amount of soil to grow. You can find these plants in a variety of colors. It includes reddish earth tones to cool blues. You can use them to make a particular pattern on the roof. These colorful plants provide a unique ‘paint’ to the ceiling. These patterns include undulating waves, parallel stripes, star shapes, zigzag patterns, a sunburst, etc.
Abstract Or Natural Design
Mixing of different species will make a unique pattern. It will provide a naturalized look. Hence, you can call it a natural design. It looks lovely and attracts various butterflies.
You can plant drought-tolerant grasses on the roofs. They are wispier and taller than the succulents. It provides a natural look to your roof garden. Grow them behind smaller plants for the contrasting look. There is no formula behind that. However, it looks beautiful and attractive.
Designing A Rooftop Garden
First of all, you must consider the climate of your roof. It is different than the ground. In the summer, the weather is too hot. However, the tall buildings nearby your home can make it shady. Hence, you must consider plants according to this. You must not use ordinary gardening soil on the roof. It is too heavy. Furthermore, it cannot hold water. Therefore, it can lead to poor drainage. A lightweight artificial soil is ideal to use in the rooftop garden.
Build some lattice or wooden screens on the windy side. It also helps to provide proper shade. Installation of automatic drip irrigation is also necessary. It is because container plants require frequent watering as compared to ground plants. The water requirement also depends on heat, wind, and sun. In much hot weather, you need to water the plants twice a day. Hence, it is better to use the automatic system.
It is also necessary to take permission from the local board and landlord. It can include certification by an architect. Then, he will guide you for the required changes according to the weight limit of your roof. You can take help from a qualified gardener for maximum output.